- 来源：好好学习网 | 作者:毕成 | 本文已影响
The Old Man and the Sea tells the frustrated experience that the old fisherman fishes in the course.The theme is deep,and it is a song of praise of heroism.“But man is not made for defeat.A man can be destroyed but not defeated”has been the classic saying and the old man also has been the most typical and the most representative of the Hemingway’s“tough guy”.When Hemingway talked about the successful factors later,the little boy was mentioned in the same breath with the old man.
This paper starts with the details and it is divided into two main parts to discuss the indispensable roles of the little boy in the novel.It is him who helps to perform the theme of“grace under pressure”:during 40 days,the old man with the little boy went to fish but without taking a fish,when his situation was getting worse step by step,the little boy’s leaving was the heavy pressure that achieved the extreme stern for certain.However,it was so“heavy pressure”that his manner was graceful when the old man faced afterwards defeat and his optimistic,generous life attitude was worthy tasting by people carefully;it is him who plays the role of leading,inspiring to the readers,and increasing the appeal of the work,enriching the content of the work:although the little boy appears only at the beginning and the ending in the novel,there is nothing in his inner state but the old man,so his attitude and emotions towards the old man affects the readers’emotions for the old man quietly and gradually.And it is unavoidable that his inner feeling leads and impacts the readers’emotions.
this year summer vacation,i read the american well-known writer hemingway's novel"old person and sea".i extremely admire in the novel the senior fisherman's will,he let me understand one person certainly must have relentless spirit,only then could obtain successfully.
the novel description is one year near sixty years of age senior fisherman,when alone goes to sea in one fishing,fished one big fish,actually did not pull.the senior fisherman socialized several days after the fish,only then discovered this was the big marlin which one surpassed the oneself fishing boat several fold,although knew perfectly well very difficult to win,but still did not give up.afterwards and further because in the big marlin wound fish fishy smell brought in several crowds of shark fish snatches the food,but the old person still did not hope like this to give up,finally highlighted encircles tightly,returned to the big fish belt the fishing port,lets other fishermen not admire already.
when i read"the senior fisherman think:here to the seacoast really was too near,perhaps could have a bigger fish in a farther place..."when,i extremely admire this senior fisherman,because he by now already projected on some fish,but he had not settled to the present situation,but was approaches the bigger goal advance.again has a look us,usually meets one slightly is difficult,we all complain incessantly.we will be the motherland future,will be supposed to like this old person same mind lofty aspiration,will even better pursue even better,the bigger goal.
when i read"the big marlin start fast to gather round the young fishing boat hover,twined the cable on the mast,the old person right hand lifted up high the steel fork,leapt the water surface in it the flash,did utmost throws to its heart,one wail ended the big fish's life,it was static static floats on the water surface..."when,my heart also liked together the big stone falls.i extremely admire old person that kind do not dread,the relentless spirit,although knows the match strength is very strong,but he not slightly flinches,but is welcomes difficultly above.just because had this kind of spirit,the senior fisherman only then achieved this life and death contest success.we also must study senior fisherman's spirit in life,handles the matter does not fear the difficulty,only then can obtain successfully.
Santiago,an old man about sixty years old,fished alone with nothing caught in eighty four days.No one would like to talk to him for his extremely bad luck except a boy who always came to help after the day and finally left to another boat under the pressure of his parents.Ignoring the contempt from the younger fishermen and sympathy from the older,on the morning of the 85th day,the old man started his fishing with determination and rowed his old boat very far in the sea where he believed there would be big fish.Fortunately the old man met with a big fish as he had wished and finally defeated the big Marlin with two days and nights struggle after overcoming great difficulties.But more unfortunately there were many sharks coming after his boat attracted by the smell of the blood of the big Marlin.After death-and-life struggle,when he finally got rid of the sharks coming after the boat,the big Marlin was bare skeleton.
The Old Man and the Sea tells a frustrated experience of the old man who fishes alone in the sea in plain languages.Through the simple lines,a“tough guy”image is shaped and heroism is praised.The whole story starts with a peaceful beginning which is some trivial of life and talking with the boy,and suddenly turns to its climax which is the dangerous fighting with the big fish and sharks alone in the sea,and ends with the old man’s return with the bare skeleton of the big Marlin.Though the boy only appears at the beginning and the ending in the novel,he plays an indispensible role,it is his inspiring and supporting that helps the old man to be“graceful under heavy pressure”.
In the book,the old man prepared his fishing properly and preciously than any other fishermen so that“Then when luck comes you are ready”as the old man thought to himself.In reality,some of us keep complaining that they are born in wrong time or good luck never knocks their doors.In fact,good luck sometimes just comes when they are not ready.Taking Newton for example,if he had not acquired a lot,millions of apples could never make him discovery the gravity.So if we just keep studying as much as we can,good luck will finally find us and a bright future is ahead of us.The old man never gives up hope.When all of people think he is doomed,he still strongly believes that he will get a big fish.And he does.So never giving up hope is very important to us.This reminded me of the sentence in Churchill’s speech“Never give up,never,never,never…”.“But man is not made for defeat.A man can be destroyed but not defeated”has always been inspiring me when I counter with some setbacks in my life.Setbacks are inevitable in pursuit of our goals,but we should never be frustrated and should be“graceful under heavy pressure”like the old man.It is his relentless pursuit that contributes to the victory.
"A boat across the end of the world was heading towards an unknown sea,hanging on the side of the bow while it is still gorgeous pool of wind and rain erosion immense banner,flag,dance with sparkling Yunlong general words-beyond the limit!,"by Ernest Hemingway is said of his work,"Hits"in.
"Hits"mold of a classic tough guy image.Cuba,an old fisherman Santiago Ming Jiaosang alone a man fishing at sea,in nothing caught 48 days after the Marlins had an immeasurable.This is the old saw has never heard of the ship is longer than his two feet of a big fish.Great fresh fish are also great,dragging the boat drifted for a whole two days and nights,the elderly in these two days and nights have never experienced a difficult withstood the test of big fish finally stabbed to death,tied to the bow.But this time they have met a shark,the elderly and the shark had a desperate struggle,the results of big marlin,or eaten by a shark,and the elderly finally dragged home the fish only a bare skeleton.
Hemingway's why there is no final victory for the old people do?With the words of the elderly in the novel:"A person is not born must be defeated,"and"people do can be destroyed,but can not be defeated."This is the"Hits of"If you want revealed philosophy.Undeniably,as long as the person who will be flawed.When a person admits that this flaw and try to defeat it rather than succumb to it time,no matter finally caught a full or an empty skeleton Marlins,which have been does not matter,because the value of human life has been a In that pursuit of Marlins in the process fully reflected.Once for the pursuit of their ideals too,fought,do not he is not a winner?Old fisherman is the courage to challenge their own defects and their own courage and confidence to the winner.From the secular point of view the victory of view,old fisherman is not the final winner,because even though he began to beat the big marlin,but eventually let sharks eat big Marlins,and he was only the bones of the dead with a big rack Marlins back to the shore,that is,a shark is the winner.However,idealists,eyes,old fisherman is a winner,because he never failed to big marlin to the sea to the sharks,and no compromise and surrender.As musician Beethoven said,"I can be destroyed,but I can not be conquered."
Human nature is powerful,and humanity itself has its own limits,but it is precisely because such a person is old fisherman again and again to challenge the limits,beyond them,this limit was extended again and again,again and again to even greater challenges lie in the the human face.In this sense,the old fisherman San Diego such a hero,whether they challenge the limits of success or failure,are worthy of our always respected.Because he gives us is the most noble of human self-confidence!
Life itself is a kind of endless pursuit.It is the road long,difficult and full of ups and downs but as long as its own tenaciously to a brave heart to meet the challenges of self-confidence,he will always be a real winner!